Overview > Spain
last update: september 2013
Since 2006 ninety percent less migrants have been coming to Spain than in previous years. This is due to the drastic control at the external borders, as well as to the agreements Spain concluded with African countries to prevent people from immigrating.
The usual way to obtain regulation of one’s status is by referring to “arraigo”(roots). Having roots means that a person spent a certain amount of time in Spain and has “integrated” in society. After a stay of three years and the offer of a labour contract, migrants may obtain a residence permit. Another way is by marriage. In any case it is necessary to show a sufficient income. Getting asylum in Spain is very difficult.
In Spain the first important step is to get a “padrón” (official address). This official address shows the time of the stay in Spain, which is important to obtain regularisation of status. Furthermore with the official address people have access to some social services.
In Spain the controls and deportations are concentrated at the external borders and at the airports. But also inside the country they expulse people. It depends on where you are and on the police officer. Since 2012 people are more and more deported ilegally, for example in case of free seats in airplanes.
The labour situation is not very good and there is high unemployment in the country, so for migrants it is even harder to find a job. In nearly every town there are associations which support migrants in legal matters, counselling, finding a place to live, education and all other social and fundamental matters.