Bulgaria > Overview
The Bulgarian government is actively searching for Bulgaria to join the
Schengen area. Consequently, even more restrictions will be imposed on
the asylum seekers to organize a better life freely and humanely.
First, this means building new detention and “reception” centers as well as intensifying the border control coordination.
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Bulgaria > Dublin II
According to Dublin 2, each person can apply for asylum in only one of the EU member states. This is thought to be the country of the first entry into the EU. So if your first fingerprint was taken in Bulgaria you risk to be sent back there if you apply in another country.
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Bulgaria > Asylum
Besides the general geo-political situation following from the Schengen logic, the migrants/refugees in Bulgaria are facing some specific problems. Formally, all migrants are going through the procedure applied for asylum seekers.
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Bulgaria > Minors
If you are an unaccompanied minor, detention is explicitly prohibited. According to the law, unaccompanied minors are appointed legal representatives and are accommodated with relatives, host families or other specialized institutions. However, in reality this provision is not applied.
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Bulgaria > Detention
Under the current regulation the State Agency for Refugees, a ministerial body, is in charge of the functioning “reception centers” in Bulgaria.The detention centers on the other hand, are being managed by the Ministry of Interior.
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Bulgaria > Deportation
The refugee policy in Bulgaria and in Europe as whole is generally oriented towards return. During the time of your application procedure (or even after receiving a refugee status), you could be “offered” a special „voluntary return program” in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration.
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